a 16 year old girl with type 1 diabetes mellitus
What happens when you have type 1 diabetes?
If you have type 1 diabetes, your pancreas doesn’t make insulin or makes very little insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps blood sugar enter the cells in your body where it can be used for energy. Without insulin, blood sugar can’t get into cells and builds up in the bloodstream.
How does diabetes affect a teenager?
A child or teenager newly diagnosed with diabetes will have a range of reactions and emotions. Common reactions experienced by children and their parents include shock, denial, anger, sadness, fear and guilt. These feelings usually subside with time and appropriate support.
How does type 1 diabetes affect a child’s growth and development?
But if the child has a lot of high blood sugars and has a lot of episodes of ketoacidosis, it can have a serious effect on growth and development. Growth can be slowed and the child eventually could cross those percentile lines and end up short. And in terms of development, puberty can be delayed.
Can teens get diabetes?
Many children develop type 2 diabetes in their early teens. Adolescent girls are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than are adolescent boys.
Who is most at risk for type 1 diabetes?
Known risk factors include: Family history: Having a parent, brother, or sister with type 1 diabetes. Age: You can get type 1 diabetes at any age, but it’s more likely to develop when you’re a child, teen, or young adult.
What causes mellitus?
The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. What is known is that your immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria or viruses — attacks and destroys your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This leaves you with little or no insulin.
What is the life expectancy of a child with type 1 diabetes?
People who develop diabetes during childhood may die up to 20 years sooner than people without diabetes, according to research findings by scientists in Sweden and the U.K. A study of more than 27,000 individuals with type 1diabetes (T1D) discovered that the average lifespan of women diagnosed with the disorder before …
What would you recommend to a child who has type 1 diabetes?
All kids and teens with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin so that glucose can get from their blood into their cells for energy. The care team will make an insulin schedule specifically for your child. Kids can get insulin: By injection.
How does type 1 diabetes affect a child’s life?
Diabetes increases your child’s risk of developing conditions such as narrowed blood vessels, high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke later in life. Nerve damage. Excess sugar can injure the walls of the tiny blood vessels that nourish your child’s nerves. This can cause tingling, numbness, burning or pain.
Can diabetes affect a child’s Behaviour?
The symptoms of hypoglycemia in children with type 1 diabetes may cause behaviors that can be perceived as rebellious or cantankerous. You should be aware of any changes in behavior that clue you into a drop in blood glucose.
Is type 1 diabetes curable?
There isn’t a cure yet for type 1 diabetes, but it’s very treatable. You may have found out you have type 1 diabetes from a routine blood test. Or you may have had sudden and severe symptoms that led to a trip to the doctor or even the emergency room.
Is type 1 diabetes genetic?
A predisposition to develop type 1 diabetes is passed through generations in families, but the inheritance pattern is unknown.
Is type 1 diabetes bad?
If left untreated, type-1 diabetes is a life-threatening condition. It’s essential that treatment is started early. Diabetes can’t be cured, but treatment aims to keep your blood glucose levels as normal as possible and control your symptoms, to prevent health problems developing later in life.
Can Type 1 diabetics gain weight?
Diabetes and weight gain Weight gain is a common symptom of diabetes and other insulin-related medical conditions. Compared with people who do not have diabetes, young adults with type 1 diabetes have a higher risk of developing excess body weight or obesity.
What is the meaning mellitus?
: a variable disorder of carbohydrate metabolism caused by a combination of hereditary and environmental factors and usually characterized by inadequate secretion or utilization of insulin, by excessive urine production, by excessive amounts of sugar in the blood and urine, and by thirst, hunger, and loss of weight — …
What is the difference between diabetes and diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus is more commonly known simply as diabetes. It’s when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin to control the amount of glucose, or sugar, in your blood. Diabetes insipidus is a rare condition that has nothing to do with the pancreas or blood sugar.
Why is diabetes called mellitus?
Excerpt. Diabetes mellitus is taken from the Greek word diabetes, meaning siphon – to pass through and the Latin word mellitus meaning sweet.
Should you be scared if you have diabetes?
You can’t feel diabetes when it is out of control, so you may think you don’t need to worry about it. But diabetes ignored and left unmanaged can cause damage to your body. Yes, odds are good that you can live a long, healthy life with diabetes, but only if you are working to control it now, not sometime later.
Do Type 1 diabetics live shorter lives?
People with type 1 diabetes have traditionally lived shorter lives, with life expectancy having been quoted as being reduced by over 20 years. However, improvement in diabetes care in recent decades indicates that people with type 1 diabetes are now living significantly longer.
Can you live a normal life with type 1 diabetes?
While the lifespan of people with type 1 diabetes has increased progressively since the advent of insulin therapy, these patients still experience premature mortality, primarily from cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, a subgroup of those with type 1 diabetes survives well into old age without significant morbidity.