a diabetic coma is also known as
Is a diabetic coma?
Diabetic coma is a life-threatening emergency that can affect you if you have diabetes. In a diabetic coma, you are unconscious and unable to respond to your environment. You are either suffering from high blood glucose (hyperglycemia) or low blood glucose (hypoglycemia).
What is the medical term for diabetic?
Diabetes mellitus is the full name for diabetes, but most people refer to it as just diabetes. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
What Ketonuria means?
Ketonuria is a sign that your body is primarily using fats and protein for fuel. This is called ketosis. It’s a normal process if you’re fasting or on a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet. A ketogenic diet does not typically pose a health risk if it’s done in a balanced way.
What is DKA in diabetics?
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when your body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. The condition develops when your body can’t produce enough insulin.
What is the difference between insulin shock and diabetic coma?
Insulin shock means you have very low blood sugar levels. Diabetic coma is when you pass out due to either high or low blood sugar. These two diabetic emergencies can happen if you don’t keep your glucose and insulin levels under control.
How long is a diabetic coma?
If it progresses and worsens without treatment it can eventually cause unconsciousness, from a combination of a very high blood sugar level, dehydration and shock, and exhaustion. Coma only occurs at an advanced stage, usually after 36 hours or more of worsening vomiting and hyperventilation.
What happens after a diabetic coma?
If the symptoms occurred for a while before treatment or if you were in a diabetic coma for several hours or longer, you could experience some brain damage. An untreated diabetic coma may also result in death. People who receive emergency treatment for a diabetic coma usually recover fully.
What is the medical term for type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease. It is characterized by high levels of sugar in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is also called type 2 diabetes mellitus and adult-onset diabetes.
What does diabetes word mean?
The ancient Greek word for diabetes means, “passing though; a large discharge of urine.” The meaning is associated with frequent urination, which is a symptom of diabetes. Both frequent urination and excess, sweet glucoses levels expelled in our urine can be signs of diabetes.
What is WBC in urine test?
If your doctor tests your urine and finds too many leukocytes, it could be a sign of infection. Leukocytes are white blood cells that help your body fight germs. When you have more of these than usual in your urine, it’s often a sign of a problem somewhere in your urinary tract.
Why purple ring is formed in Rothera’s test?
To develop a sensitive solid phase single reagent for the detection of ketone bodies in urine, to replace the commonly done, multiple step Rothera’s test. Acetoacetate or Acetone in presence of glycine, reacts with sodium nitroprusside to form a lavender-purple coloured complex.
What does 20 mg ketones mean?
An abnormal result means you have ketones in your urine. The results are usually listed as small, moderate, or large as follows: Small: <20 mg/dL. Moderate: 30 to 40 mg/dL. Large: >80 mg/dL.
Do diabetics smell?
When your cells are deprived of energy from glucose, they begin to burn fat instead. This fat burning process creates a byproduct called ketones, which is a type of acid produced by the liver. Ketones tend to produce an odor that’s similar to acetone. This type of bad breath isn’t unique to people with diabetes.
Is diabetic ketoacidosis a painful death?
Symptoms include sunken eyes, rapid breathing, headache, muscle aches, severe dehydration, weak peripheral pulses, nausea, stomach pain and cramping, vomiting, semi or unconsciousness, cerebral edema, coma and death. DKA is a horrendously painful way to die.
How does insulin help diabetes?
Sometimes, people with type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes need insulin therapy if other treatments haven’t been able to keep blood glucose levels within the desired range. Insulin therapy helps prevent diabetes complications by keeping your blood sugar within your target range.
What does diabetic coma feel like?
The severe symptoms of uncontrolled blood sugar that can come before a diabetic coma include vomiting, difficulty breathing, confusion, weakness, and dizziness.
Can a diabetic coma cause brain damage?
A diabetic coma results from either very high or very low blood glucose levels. This is a life-threatening complication which causes the patient to fall into a state of unconsciousness. The coma is reversible if treated immediately, but if left untreated they may receive permanent brain damage or potentially die.
How is hypoglycemia coma treated?
Treatment of the comatose patient consists of glucose gel smeared inside the mouth, intramuscular glucagon (1 mg) or intravenous glucose. It is important to avoid giving excess intravenous glucose, particularly in young children in whom the osmotic effects of resultant hyperglycemia can result in cerebral damage.
When should a diabetic go to hospital?
According to the University of Michigan, blood sugar levels of 300 mg/dL or more can be dangerous. They recommend calling a doctor if you have two readings in a row of 300 or more.
How long can you live with diabetic ketoacidosis?
Mortality after intensive care unit admission was 8% at 30 days, 18% at one year, and 35% at five years. A total of 349 patients survived their first intensive care unit diabetic ketoacidosis admission [mean (SD) age 42.5 (18.1) years; 50.4% women; 46.1% required ≥1 organ support].